All of us are familiar with the word therapy. Therapy is generally a remedy of healing or providing relief from a disorder. Therapy in healthcare can be of many types: Occupational, physical, speech, respiratory, radiation, dance movement, music, massage, psycho and behavioural therapy. Here we will discuss on speech therapy.
There is a growing need to know more on speech therapy. Many kids are diagnosed with autism, behavioural symptoms of which speech delay is the main criteria. This therapy is also helpful to adults after a stroke, brain injury, lisp and any speech impediments.
Speech therapy in kids
Continuous sessions of therapy are required for training the kids in vocabulary, social and play skills, conversation and behaviour. The therapist interacts with the child on a one on one basis or as a whole in a class room. He communicates with the child through talking, playing, using flash cards, objects and books to encourage language development. Other methods include: physically showing the child how to spell out words by pronouncing the correct sounds by movement of the tongue exercise for the muscles in the vocal chords through facial massages, exercise for lip, tongue and jaw.
Speech therapy in adults
Speech problems in adults are usually due to injury in the brain, Parkinson’s disease, stroke, swallowing difficulties or communication difficulties. The therapist assesses the problem, gives a diagnosis and plans how to work the therapy. Reading practice is the first and foremost method that one can start with. Start by reading small sentences, picture words is also an ideal way to connect the word with a picture and practice the sounds. Move to the next level by showing videos. The patient tries to break down the words and imitate the sound shown in the video. Therapy can be made interesting by bringing in words puzzles and games.
It is always mistaken that speech therapy is only for kids, but these disorders occur to all age groups. However, there are a lot of activities and exercises to correct this issue. Following what the speech therapist suggests and doing the appropriate therapy helps.